The term “Moot” has its genesis in the Anglo-saxon times, when a moot (gemot) was nothing but a gathering of prominent men in a particular locality for the purpose to discuss the issues of local importance. Presently in a Moot Court, new knowledge and experiences are acquired and used practically. It connects the budding lawyers to real court experiences. The Moot Court experience for Law students develops their skills and capabilities to identify the legal subject, to arrange different Law materials, to prepare pleading and arguments, to understand the obligations of an advocate, facing cross examinations, to control own temperament during the course of Judicial proceedings etc. Moot Court practice develops a greater degree of professionalism among the Law students specially in their attitude and approach as well. A Judge has to admit justice and an Advocate has to assist a Judge during the course of whole Judicial proceedings. A Law student finds himself or herself in both the capacities Lawyer and Judge when he/she participates in a Moot Court competition. Therefore, Moot Court and Mooting is an important element in Legal Education curriculum. Law students acquire knowledge about Legal propositions on different issues presented which ultimately culminates in a clinching argument in a Moot Court competition.
The Bar Council of India plays a vital role in the development of Legal Education in India. For this purpose, it has been conferred with various powers under Section 7 of the Advocates Act. Bar Council of India directed to induct practical training papers and Moot Court is one of them which has been introduced to provide professional knowledge among Law students. Moot Court is not only practical training for the budding Lawyers, it also trains them with the proper knowledge of professional ethics. In pursuance of Bar Council of India directives, Shia P.G. College, Lucknow erected and established a Moot Court hall which is centrally Air-conditioned and full of all advance facilities. This Moot Court hall has been named “Hazrat Imam Ali (a.s.) Moot Court” as Hazrat Ali(a.s.) is known for his Justice, Equity and Good conscience during his entire reign not merely in the Islamic World but also throughout the whole World of Humanity. Hence, practical training programmes through mooting is an effective tool for preparing Lawyers of tomorrow.